pictorialism is the name given to an international style and aesthetic movement that dominated photography
during the later 19th and early 20th centuries. there is no standard definition of the term, but in general it
refers to a style in which the photographer has somehow manipulated what would otherwise be a straightforward
photograph as a means of "creating" an image rather than simply recording it. typically, a pictorial photograph
appears to lack a sharp focus (some more so than others), is printed in one or more colors other than black-and-white
(ranging from warm brown to deep blue) and may have visible brush strokes or other manipulation of the surface.
For the pictorialist, a photograph, like a painting, drawing or engraving, was a way of projecting an emotional
intent into the viewer's realm of imagination. source: